Building your own home is an exciting opportunity to create something unique, but it’s also a massive undertaking. Before you get started, you should take the time to learn what’s involved in physically building your home. While you won’t do this single-handedly, the following guide will help you understand what’s involved in the process.
Buy Your Land
Buying the land upon which you’ll build isn’t as simple as it may seem. Just finding the right piece of land will involve searching realtor listings and driving around your community to find parcels that may not be traditionally listed. Once you think you’ve found the right plot of land, you should have a professional evaluate the land for you. This will help you determine that the land is in good condition, so you won’t have to try to build on land that’s too hilly or frequently flooded. You’ll also want to make sure there’s easy access to a public road, or you may wind up in court to sue for an easement.
Lay the Foundation
The first step in building your home is to lay the foundation. Before concrete footings can be molded, the land will have to be excavated in the area where your home will be positioned. The excavation should include drainage trenches to ensure rainwater won’t negatively impact the structure. The excavation and the laying of the footings will require precise calculations and a great deal of labor-intensive work, so be prepared for this step to take a large portion of your home construction costs. Once the footings have been set in place, a concrete slab and vertical foundation walls can be laid.
Your construction contractors will work closely with your plumbing and electrical contractors to install plumbing pipes and electrical wiring. This will involve drilling holes in your foundation walls, so the pipes and wiring can be run into the home. For plumbing pipes, the pipes will run close to the ground and, outside the foundation, they will be buried under soil to insulate them. The wiring will be run higher, coming into the home through holes drilled toward the top of the foundation walls with conduits used to protect the connections. Phone lines will be threaded through similar conduits at this point in the building process.
Framing the Home
At this point in the process, it will be time to start framing the home and you’ll see your plans take shape in a more physical form. The construction crew will start by building the frames for your walls and putting them into place. They will use heavy machines, safe way scaffolding, and other safe material moving equipment to pull the walls into place. Once the wall frames are in place, the crew will begin tacking on house wrap, which is a thin, protective paper that will help protect against rain, snow, and similar weather hazards. Once the house wrap has been applied, they can begin adding the exterior walls and roofing.
Adding Interior Walls
After the exterior has been finished, the interior construction can begin. Before adding drywall to the inside wall frames, the crew will add insulation to the walls. While there are many types of insulation available, fiberglass rolls are normally used to insulate walls. Spray foam insulation can be used to seal up exposed areas, such as holes where wiring and pipes have been positioned through the walls. This is another area where electricians and plumbing contractors will work side by side with your construction crew to bring your plumbing and wiring to the essential areas of the home.
Once the drywall has been nailed to your wall frames, the various features you have chosen for your home will be added. This includes adding bathroom and lighting fixtures, installing kitchen and bathroom tiling, and adding moldings throughout the home. During this final phase of the project, you should begin taking regular tours of your new home to ensure everything matches your plans. Any errors or design flaws should be added to the punch list that you’ll create with your contractor. These are the items that will need to be fixed before you can close on the home.
As this overview suggests, there’s a great deal of labor and planning involved in the construction of a new home. However, when you work side by side with your contractors, you can ensure everything will be done correctly and in on a timely schedule. Trusting professionals will help you build the home of your dreams without going far outside your budget.