The better backend development in 2023, Node.js or Python?

The correct technology stack you use for your project will determine how effectively you can expand your project’s budget and launch schedule. The most frequently contrasted web backend development technologies are Node.js and Python. These are the most widely used tech stack for backend development. Both can give your application wings and boost it. Choosing one for your next project is difficult because both are good in their ways. The backend gives your applications wings.


It is a cross-platform, open-source, single-threaded tool for building scalable and quick serverside applications. Unlike the programming language Python, Node.js provides a runtime environment for rendering JavaScript outside of browsers. This event-driven, nonblocking I/O approach gives the project flexibility and exceptional efficiency. It facilitates the creation of real-time, distributed, data-intensive applications. C, C++, and JavaScript are used to create Node.js applications. The operating systems OS X, Linux, and Microsoft Windows all support it.

Companies employing Node.js from across the world,

  • LinkedIn
  • Walmart
  • Trello
  • Uber
  • PayPal
  • Medium
  • Groupon


A high-level, object-oriented, and versatile programming language is Python. It is regarded as the best language for scripting because of its interpreted nature, dynamic typing, and grammar. It supports a variety of programming paradigms, including functional, procedural, and object-oriented programming. It primarily utilises Google App Engine. Python’s numerous libraries and tools, which are maintained by Python web development firms around the world, are one of its unique advantages.

A list of well-known websites created with Python,








The following list of distinctions between Python and Node.js is based on several criteria;

1. Python vs. Node.js: Speed

The timeliness of the customer’s request is directly impacted by the speed and performance of the computer language.


It has a quick loading time and is quite responsive. The performance of Node.js is exceptional for a variety of reasons. JavaScript code in Node.js is interpreted using the V8 engine (wherein Google invests heavily). It is more effective and runs better because the code is executed outside of the web browser.

The event-driven, non-blocking architecture of Node.js enables the processing of multiple requests at once, greatly accelerating code execution. Because there is only one module and caching are enabled, the programme loads more quickly.


This language is interpreted. Python programmes are therefore somewhat slower than those written in Java, which is a compiled language. Python processes request very slowly since there is only one flow. So, Python is not a good choice for apps that value performance and speed.

2. Python syntax against Node.js

A user-friendly syntax is necessary for flexible smartphone app development.


Node.js’ syntax is quite similar to javascript in browsers. You won’t have any issues writing code with Node.js if you’ve ever worked with JavaScript.


One of Python’s most important characteristics is its syntax, which is simpler and devoid of curly brackets. Because of this, it is simple to read and debug the code. Even inexperienced programmers or those without prior technical knowledge can easily understand Python codes because they are so simple.

3. Scalability of Python vs. Node.js

Without the flexibility to scale, any programme will eventually become outdated. An app’s scalability determines how rapidly it can adapt to changes.


It is simple to scale Node.js web development both horizontally and vertically. In Node.js, you can develop a collection of microservices or modules instead of a large, unified core, which can run its operations and connect with other modules using a small system. So, adding any module or microservice is simple in Node.js. Last but not least, Node.js offers extra type options, such as TypeScript or JavaScript. It demonstrates how scalable Node.js is.


Multithreading must be turned on for any software to scale. Python does, however, support multithreading, but not “true multithreading.” Python uses the Global Interpreter Lock (GIL), which only permits one thread to be active at once.

4. Node.js against Python: Universality

When an app is universal, it can be used with any mobile operating system (Android and iOS).

You can quickly create web apps, desktop and hybrid mobile apps, and cloud and IoT solutions using Node.js. Node.js is primarily utilised for the backend construction of applications. You can use JavaScript for front-end development. The programming language used for the front end and the back end is the same. Node.js’s universality lowers product costs because only one developer team is required.


Python’s full-stack capabilities make it suitable for both front-end and back-end application development. Python is cross-platform, similar to Node.js, allowing code created for Linux to be executed on a Mac. Python excels in desktop and online application development but struggles in mobile computing. However, Python’s use in IoT and AI technologies is outpacing its popularity.

5. Libraries: Python vs. Node.js

Libraries are collections of modules that include a variety of features. By adding these aspects to the scripts they produce, developers may write codes more quickly.


Libraries and packages for Node.js are managed via NPM. Among the most comprehensive library sources is NPM. Fast, simple to learn, and fully documented, having more than a million libraries, making it the largest ecosystem for Open-source libraries. 


Pip- “Pip Installs Python”- is in charge of managing Python libraries and packages. Fast, dependable, and user-friendly describe this Pip. It has 220,000 items, including data analytics, computing, image processing, and more, depending on your needs.

6. Python vs. Node.js: Learning curve

A learning curve is a graphic representation of how quickly a programmer or developer picks up new technology or any updates to an existing one.


Because Node.js is based on JavaScript, anyone who is familiar with JavaScript can pick it up fast. Node.js is fairly straightforward, but some complex concepts, such as event-driven architecture, are difficult to grasp. Even while event-driven has great effects on app performance, it takes a long time for developers to become experts in it.


Python requires fewer lines of code to write a given function than Node.js does. The absence of curly brackets, which are present in JavaScript, is another advantage of Python. Python’s installation process is more difficult than Node.js’, which is the only drawback. While it is simple to instal on Windows and Linux, you must first check to see if Python 2.0 is preinstalled on macOS. But Python 2.0 is not an option because it will conflict with system libraries.

7. Node.js vs. Python: Community

Any technology is easier to manage if it has strong community support.


Node.js is an established, open-sourced language with a sizable and vibrant community. You can easily discover Node.js web developers for your commercial application because Node.js is popular among developers all around the world. Developers of Node.js can easily and rapidly seek assistance from this large community.


Python also benefits from a large and diverse community of contributors. Because it is an older language than Node.js, it naturally has a larger community. You can profit from the Python community whether you are a business owner or an app developer.

Python vs. Node.js: When and when to utilise each?

In the backend of websites, both Python and Node.js are frequently utilised. Python is a multipurpose programming language that excels in a variety of industries and jobs. It offers a straightforward structure, a thriving developer community, and a sizable collection of AI and ML libraries. However, Node.js is incredibly light, quick, and supports full-stack JavaScript programming. There is no clear winner because both are extremely well-liked and effective solutions for creating web applications. Which is ideal for backend development depends totally on your business goals and the issue you’re attempting to resolve.

Related Articles

Leave a Comment