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Business 101: Explaining Loans and Financing

Explaining Loans and Financing

If you’ve never borrowed a loan to purchase some stuff, you’re definitely among the few! A lot of folks are surviving on loans. Loans could be a fantastic thing; however, they can get you into a mess, too. The secret to becoming financially successful is knowing which loans are suitable for your case; if you can’t manage to pay back your loans within the stipulated time, then loans are not a good idea.

What is a Loan?

It’s the lending of cash by one or more associations, persons, or other institutions to other organizations and people. The receiver, who is termed as the borrower, attracts a debt and is generally obligated to pay interests on the debt until it is paid back in full and return the principal amount obtained.

One of the most common vital concepts behind taking out one is to use the funds to increase one’s total supply of cash. And to the investor, charges, and interest are seen as sources of income. Before issuing any cash or property switches, the loan conditions are negotiated upon by each participant in the deal.

If the investor requires collateral, this demand will be set out in the loan agreement. Many loans contain clauses and conditions like the overall sum of interest and the repayment period’s duration.

Typically, loans are categorized as follows, open-ended and closed-end, secured and unsecured, and traditional forms.

What is Financing?

Financing is the process of providing money for making purchases, investing, or business activities. Financial institutions, such as SACCOs, banks, are in the business of giving money to consumers, businesses, and investors to aid them in accomplishing their goals. For example, a church institution may want some financing to expand its premise; therefore, it will settle for church mortgages. The use of financing is indispensable in any economic system, as it allows companies to buy products out of their immediate reach.

Below are the two main types of financing, which include:

1. Equity finance –this is investing your funds, or money from other interested parties, in exchange for fractional proprietorship.

2. Debt finance – this is money borrowed from other outside creditors like banks.

Where can you get equity finance?

• Government – small businesses receive government assistance through several ways such as cheap advisory services, guidance, or information.

• Private investors – these are usually wealthy individuals who invest large sums of cash in a commercial entity so that they would get a cut of the profits and equity.

• Personal finances – this is funding your businesses from your savings.

• Crowdfunding – raising funds via the group efforts of a large pool of folks or crowd funds platforms.

• Crowd-sourced equity financing – a method for small businesses and start-ups to get money from the public. Usually, they depend on generating slight amounts from several investors. Each investor can capitalize up to $20,000 annually in a business, in receipt of shares as an exchange.

Where Can You Get Debt Finance?

• Retailers – buying merchandise for your business over store credit or by means of a finance company. It’s good to note that store cards can fascinate better interest rates; but, some vendors provide an interest-free period.

• Finance companies – a lot of financial firms give finance merchandise by means of a retailer.

• Finance institutions – these include; credit unions, banks, and construction societies. Money can be delivered as lines of credit, overdrafts, and loans.

• Peer-to-peer lenders – these are matches people who have funds to invest with individuals looking for a loan. Usually, loans may need to be settled up within a particular timeframe, and interest rates may differ when it comes to the risk level.

• Friends or Family – might possibly give you cash as a loan.

• Factor companies – also known as debtors finance. Factoring refers to when a business trades its financial records receivable (invoices) to a factor (or third party) to get cash in advance, instead of before the 30 or 60 days for consumer reimbursement. Typically, customers pay their invoices directly to the factoring company.

• Suppliers – trade-credit enables you to adjourn reimbursement for goods.

To evade misinterpretation, it is vital to have an official written contract affirming the terms of financing and the loan, terms of interest, and repayment necessities. If you feel like you don’t understand, it’s advisable to seek a bit of lawful guidance before you sign up for the loan agreement.


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